Honorary Professor Yoshinori Ohsumi, Ph.D.
Ohsumi Frontier Science Foundation
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2016
Yoshinori Ohsumi was born in Fukuoka, Japan. He studied at the University of Tokyo where he received his doctoral degree in 1974. After a few years at Rockefeller University, New York, he returned to the University of Tokyo. He started to work on the lytic function of the vacuole, then found yeast autophagy by light and electron microscopy. He performed a genetic screen for autophagy-defective mutants. His group got 18 genes essential for starvation-induced autophagy. However, up to now, Dr. Ohsumi has focused on dissection of the mechanism of the Atg proteins in yeast at a molecular level.
In 2009, he moved to Tokyo Inst. of Tech. and received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the elucidation of mechanisms for autophagy. He continues to elucidate the membrane dynamics and the physiological relevance of autophagy in the same university.
In addition to the research, he established the Ohsumi Frontier Science Foundation in 2016 for the development of basic science and he is working hard to the development of the basic science.